The Electric Power Innovation for a Carbon-free Society (EPICS) Center, led by Johns Hopkins University (JHU) and based out of the Ralph O’Connor Sustainable Energy Institute (ROSEI), will develop computing, economic, engineering, and policy methods and tools to enable a 100% emissions-free power grid. EPICS will establish a global innovation ecosystem, engaging UK and Australian academics and global industry and policy stakeholders from the Global Power Systems Transformation Consortium, Energy Systems Integration Group, and Future Power Markets Forum. Research thrusts will overhaul grid management tools, facilitating operations and infrastructure planning with inverter-based resources and society-scale decarbonization.
EPICS’s research interests are divided into four thrusts, which will:
- Harness the latest advances in computer technology to enable decision-making tools to handle the unpredictable nature of renewable energy resources like wind and solar.
- Find ways to accommodate wind, solar and storage resources into the grid, which requires learning how to operate large numbers of inverters that connect these resources and the grid.
- Develop economic analysis principles tailored for making decisions about how to design and then reliably operate 100% renewable power grids.
- Use insights from the above efforts to develop strategies for achieving net-zero power grids globally, and use them to reduce and eventually eliminate carbon emissions from other economic sectors, including transportation and buildings.
Through collaboration with global partners, this agenda will produce material changes to today’s power system management and institutions (e.g., electricity markets, policy, and regulation) that allow for harvesting the full potential of inverter-based variable renewable energy resources (VRE), energy storage and distributed energy resources (DER) technologies without sacrificing efficiency, affordability, reliability, resiliency, and the pace of achieving climate pledges.